Alumina coated evaporation sources have been developed to replace alumina crucible boats for some specific applications. The advantages of this type of evaporation source is good heat transfer and the inertness of alumina with most metals. Also, the evaporant does not wet the alumina resulting in no resistant change of the boat when the evaporant melts. Due to the non wetting characteristics of alumina, the evaporant forms a sphere when melted resulting in a point source.
This type of evaporation source will give long life compared to the non-protected sources. Coated sources will require from thirty to fifty percent more power to effect an evaporation due to the difference in heat conduction. The alumina is semiconductor grade and is applied to the boat or basket by a plasma spray technique. Temperatures of 1850° C should be avoided, and when an evaporation is effected the power should be reduced slightly to avoid overheating.
Tungsten & Molybdenum Boats with Alumina Barriers
This type of source has been designed to give the benefit of a refractory metal boat and a ceramic barrier. The exposed metal area in the bottom of the boat allows the evaporant to be in good thermal contact with the source. The alumina barrier will inhibit the evaporant from creeping toward the heat sink or from wetting the entire boat.